Originally constituted as the Philippine Department AF on August 16, 1941 it was re-designated Far East AF in October of 1941, and finally became the 5th AF in February 1942. Spending all of World War II in the Pacific Theater, the 5th Air Force was reorganized in Darwin, Australia following the Japanese attack on the Philippines on 8 December 1941.
Brigadier General Henry B. Clagett, 20 Sep 1941
Major General Lewis H. Brereton, Oct 1941-Feb 1942
Lieutenant General George C. Kenney, 3 Sep 1942
Lieutenant General Ennis C. Whitehead, 15 Jun 1944
Darwin, Australia, Dec 1941
Java, Jan-Feb 1942
Brisbane, Australia, 3 Sep 1942
Nadzab, New Guinea, 15 Jun 1944
Owl, Schouten Islands, 10 Aug 1944
Leyte, c. 20 Nov 1944; Mindoro, Jan 1945
Clark Field, Luzon, Apr 1945
Okinawa, Jul 1945
Air Offensive, Japan
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